The director of a Hertfordshire building company and the co-owners of a south London property undergoing conversion have been sentenced for safety failings after a worker was killed in a trench collapse.
Xian Hou Ye, 56, was crushed and suffocated by nearly nine tonnes of soil in the fatal incident at Waldram Park Road, Lewisham, on 30 September 2010.
Woolwich Crown Court heard today (11 October) that he was one of a group of workers contracted by Croxley Green-based HMB Services Ltd and company director Vijay Patel to convert an existing three-storey property into nine flats.
The property was co-owned by brothers Mukesh Shah and Kiran Shah, also from Hertfordshire, who appointed HMB Services and Mr Patel as the principal contractor to oversee the project.
As part of the works, a large trench had been dug out that was approximately seven metres long, between one to two metres wide and almost three metres deep. This was being extended at one end at a 90-degree angle to form an L-shape.
A digger was helping to shape the extension whilst Mr Ye was working in the deeper existing section. As work progressed, the inside corner of the L-shape caved in and buried him under approximately 8.7 tonnes of earth.
He died at the scene despite frantic efforts to dig him out.
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) investigated the incident and found the trench was inadequately supported with sheets of plywood and timber props. More substantial supports or using a safer method of trench construction, known as battering, should have been used.
This was a failing on behalf of both HMB Services and Mr Patel, who were responsible for the work, and clients Mukesh and Kiran Shah, who should have ensured their principal contractor was competent to carry out the project in a safe, properly planned manner.
Mukesh Shah and Kiran Shah, both of the Optima Business Park, Pindar Road, Hoddesdon, Herts, were each found guilty of two separate breaches of the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007. Mukesh was fined £40,000 with costs of £34,750. Kiran was fined £25,000 and was also ordered to pay £34,750 in costs.
The brothers were told they would be jailed if they failed to make the necessary payments.
Vijay Patel, of Valley Walk, Croxley Green, Herts, was ordered to undertake 270 hours of community work after pleading guilty to a single CDM Regulations breach. The court ruled he had no means to pay a fine or contribute towards costs.
HMB Services Ltd, of the same address, is now dissolved so the company avoided prosecution.
After sentencing HSE Principal Inspector Russell Adfield said:
“Mukesh and Kiran Shah were having this conversion undertaken as part of a business venture and they were therefore ‘clients’ in this project. A client has a very major influence over how a construction project is run as they have responsibility for appointing competent advisors – principal contractors – and ensuring that arrangements are in place for carrying out the project safely.
“The clients in this case failed on all fronts. They had no advisors to help them understand what was required of them, the principal contractor they appointed was not competent to manage this work safely and there were no formal arrangements in place to ensure the safety of those workers on site.
“It appeared neither the clients nor principal contractor had any understanding of the very real risks on that site – or how to ensure those risks were controlled.”
Further information on planning and safely undertaking excavation work can be found on the HSE website at: http://www.hse.gov.uk/construction/safetytopics/excavations.htm
Notes to Editors
- The Health and Safety Executive is Britain’s national regulator for workplace health and safety. It aims to reduce work-related death, injury and ill health. It does so through research, information and advice; promoting training; new or revised regulations and codes of practice; and working with local authority partners by inspection, investigation and enforcement. www.hse.gov.uk
- Regulation 22(1)(a) of the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 states: “The principal contractor for a project shall plan, manage and monitor the construction phase in a way which ensures that, so far as is reasonably practicable, it is carried out without risks to health or safety, including facilitating (i) co-operation and co-ordination between persons concerned in the project.”
- Regulation 9(1)(a) states: “Every client shall take reasonable steps to ensure that the arrangements made for managing the project (including the allocation of sufficient time and other resources) by persons with a duty under these Regulations (including the client himself) are suitable to ensure that (a) the construction work can be carried out so far as is reasonably practicable without risk to the health and safety of any person.”
- Regulation 9(2) states: “The client shall take reasonable steps to ensure that the arrangements referred to in paragraph (1) are maintained and reviewed throughout the project.